SS 10: NOTES FROM COUNTERPOINTS
CH. 3: CANADA AND THE TWENTIES
1 ) Prompted by horror and exhaustion of war, young adults in particular attempted to sweep away the remains of the old world. 2 . This was the " Jazz Age. вЂќ
3. Strong new music, shocking fashions, and crazy trends spread quickly across the U. S. and into Canada.
AN APPREHENSIVE ADJUSTMENT
1 . The majority of Canadian soldiers returned in 1919 and found no constant pensions for veterans, zero special medical services for anyone wounded inside the war, and few careers. 2 . Many employers had grown wealthy during the conflict.
3. During the war, labour unions experienced reluctantly agreed to reduced spend as their patriotic duty towards the war work. 4. After the war, the price tag on goods jumped, and staff suffered.
1 . Workers' demands to get higher income, better operating conditions, as well as the right to sign up for unions, led to numerous attacks in Canada. 2 . The fossil fuel and steel workers in Cape Breton Island had been hit hard by the final of wartime industries following your war. Various workers shed their careers or were forced to accept lower wages. 3. Joblessness and long strikes supposed economic hardship for everyone in single-industry communities. 4. The union and steel corporation confronted each other in time wars. Once strikes switched violent, the corporation called in provincial authorities and government troops. a few. 1926 вЂ“ a Regal Commission belittled the labour practices with the British Empire Stainlesss steel Corporation, nevertheless the commission's results did tiny to ease the struggling and lower income in the Maritimes. 6. American union commanders were even more socialist than union market leaders on the East Coast, assuming ordinary people should have more engagement in govt. Some western union leaders were affected by the 1917 revolution in Russia, where the Bolsheviks acquired set up a communist regime. 7. On the Western Labour Conference, 03 1919, union leaders by western Canada founded 1 Big Union (OBU), which in turn would represent all Canadian workers in a single organization. The OBU's objective was to support workers build more control of industry and government through peaceful means. The main weapon would be the general strike, a walkout by all staff.
The Winnipeg General Reach
1 . May 1919, Winnipeg's material and building workers wandered off their very own jobs вЂ“ demanding larger wages, a shorter functioning week, plus the right to ordinaire bargaining вЂ“ allow the union leadership to negotiate with employers for the union members. installment payments on your 30, 500 people went down on affect, even though more than half weren't union members. 3. Winnipeg was immobilized вЂ“ not any firefighters or perhaps postal staff, no cell phone or telegraph services, no newspapers, streetcars, no deliveries of bread or dairy. 4. Organization leaders, politicians, and industrialists formed the Citizens' Panel of One 1, 000 вЂ“ they saw the union leaders as part of a communist conspiracy theory to undoing the government. 5. Federal government, worrying spread of disruption and protest to other metropolitan areas, intervened. 6th. The Migration Act was amended to let foreign-born union leaders to get deported. 7. The creciente of Winnipeg appointed exceptional police, terminated many social workers, together strike market leaders arrested. almost 8. June twenty one вЂ“ strikers held a parade to protest the mayor's activities. The parade turned violent when the Regal North Western Mounted Law enforcement and special police, using clubs and pistols, incurred into the masses вЂ“ generally known as Bloody Sat вЂ“ one striker perished, 30 wounded, scores busted. 9. Strikers returned to work after 43 times.
12. 7 with the arrested frontrunners were found guilty of conspiracy to destruction the government & served between 2 months and 2 years in penitentiary. 11. Various striking staff were not rehired; others had been taken backside only if that they signed agreements vowing never to join a union. 12. A Hoheitsvoll Commission create to examine the strike discovered that the workers' grievances had been valid....